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Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde is a colorless gas with a strong, pungent odor. It is used in the production of resins, plastics, and textiles. It is also a common disinfectant and preservative. However, it is a known human carcinogen and can cause respiratory and allergic reactions.

Chemical Formula:

CH2O

CAS Number:

50-00-0

Synonyms:

Formalin, Methanal, Methyl aldehyde, Formol, Formic aldehyde, Formalith

Characteristics

Molar Weight

30.03 g/mol.

Melting Point

120-170°C.

Boiling Point

-19°C.

Solubility

Formaldehyde is highly soluble in water and miscible in many organic solvents.

Density

0.815 g/cm3

Forms

Formaldehyde is a colorless gas at room temperature. However, it can also exist as a white crystalline solid called paraformaldehyde when cooled to a certain temperature.

Odor

strong, pungent, and distinctive odor that is easily detectable.

USES AND APPLICATIONS

Key applications

  • Resins Production
  • Plastics and Polymers
  • Textiles and Leather
  • Disinfectant and Preservative
  • Production of Chemical Intermediates
  • Personal Care and Cosmetics
  • Adhesives and Binders

Industries

  • Wood Products
  • Construction and Building Materials
  • Textiles and Leather
  • Automotive
  • Chemicals and Intermediates
  • Healthcare and Medical
  • Biotechnology and Research

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