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Butanol

Butanol

Butanol is a four-carbon alcohol with multiple isomers, including n-butanol and isobutanol. It is a colorless liquid with a strong, sweet odor. Butanol is used as a solvent in various industries, for manufacturing chemicals, and as a fuel additive due to its high energy content.

Chemical Formula:

C4H9OH

CAS Number:

71-36-3

Synonyms:

n-Butanol (normal-butanol), Butyl alcohol, Butan-1-ol, Butyl hydroxide, Butylol, Butanol-1, Propylcarbinol, Butanol alcohol, 1-Butanol, Butylene hydrate

Characteristics

Molar Weight

74.12 grams per mole.

Melting Point

-89 degrees Celsius.

Boiling Point

117-119 degrees Celsius.

Solubility

It is soluble in water to some extent and miscible with most organic solvents.

Density

0.81 grams per cubic centimeter.

Forms

n-Butanol is a clear, colorless liquid.

Odor

distinct, sweet, alcoholic odor

USES AND APPLICATIONS

Key applications

  • Solvent
  • Chemical Intermediates
  • Fuel and Fuel Additive
  • Extraction and Purification
  • Cleaning and Degreasing
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Flavors and Fragrances
  • Agricultural Chemicals
  • Laboratory and Research

Industries

  • Rubber and Plastics Industry
  • Paints, Coatings, and Adhesives
  • Chemical Manufacturing
  • Fuel and Energy
  • Cleaning and Degreasing
  • Pharmaceutical and Healthcare
  • Flavors and Fragrances
  • Agriculture and Crop Protection
  • Textile and Leather Industry
  • Research and Development

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